History / Genealogy

A census was carried out in Ireland from 1821 through to 1911. No census was taken in 1921, because of the War of Independence. We will look at population data for the 19th century. This includes the annual estimated population for Ireland from Annual Reports of the Registrar-General (Ireland). We will look at the rapid decline due to the Great Famine and we will also examine the population for various age brackets in that century. Finally data on births, deaths and emigration will be examined.
Population 19th Century

The crimes for which people in County Cork were put in prison in the mid 1800's are summarised in an article entitled "Sample of County Cork Prison Records (1840-1870)". This gives several examples of offences committed and statistics too.

So which were the frequently used first names in Ireland in the 1911 Census? A summary is available giving the first names used by over 90% of the population in the Census of 1911.
Census 1911 First Names

Similarly, you may browse over 1,400 surnames and see the number of occurrences of these names in Ireland in 1911. The list includes just over 64% of the population and further reading is available
Census 1911 Surnames

Ireland has 32 County divisions. These are further sub-divided and a Barony is the largest sub-division which itself has a number of sub-divisions called Civil Parish (Parish) units. The Poor Law Union (PLU or Union) is another division of the Country into about 160 units which does cross County boundary lines at times. The District Electoral Division (DED) is a sub-division of the PLU. Finally the Townland is the smallest unit or parcel of land in Ireland. There are over 65,000 Townlands with names often being repeated, even within a County, but not in the same DED of course.
Electoral Area

Bantry Town Commissioners / Bantry Town Council like so many similar Bodies in Ireland ceased to exist after May 2014. Frank O'Donovan compiled a Summary of the Minutes of the Town Commissioners / Town Council over its 118 year lifespan. It gives to us examples of life in the early 1900's in Bantry which no doubt was similar to elsewhere in the County and Country. The summary is available by clicking

Murphy was the most common surname in Ireland and Kelly was the second most popular in Census 1911. Mary was the most common first name then in Ireland and John was second in popularity. So how popular were the names Mary Murphy, Mary Kelly, John Murphy and John Kelly in Ireland? What was the distribution of the names by County? What were the numbers for each age category?
Click to view report